The following EU Projects are contributing to the sessions and presentations of the IoT Week 2013:
This event is supported by the European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things (IERC).
IoT-A is the EU funded Lighthouse Integrated Project addressing the Internet-of-Things Architecture. IoT-A proposes the creation of an architectural reference model together with the definition of an initial set of key building blocks. Using an experimental paradigm, IoT-A will combine top down reasoning about architectural principles and design guidelines with simulation and prototyping work to explore the technical consequences of architectural design choices.
IoT-A is a 3 year-project gathering 18 partners from 8 different European countries with following common objectives:
- To provide an architectural reference model for the interoperability IoT systems, outlining principles and guidelines for the technical design of its protocols, interfaces and algorithms.
- To assess existing IoT protocol suits and derive mechanisms to achieve end-to-end interoperability for seamless communication between IoT devices.
- To develop modelling tools and a description language for goal-oriented IoT aware (business) process interactions allowing expression of their dependencies for a variety of deployment models.
- To derive adaptive mechanisms for distributed orchestration of IoT resource interactions exposing selfproperties in order to deal with the complex dynamics of real world environments.
- To holistically embed effective and efficient security and privacy mechanisms into IoT devices and the protocols and services they utilise.
- To develop a novel resolution infrastructure for the IoT, allowing scalable look up and discovery of IoT resources, entities of the real world and their associations.
- To develop IoT device platform components including device hardware and run-time environment
- To validate the architectural reference model against the derived requirements and by implementation of real life use cases that demonstrate the benefits of the developed solutions.
- To contribute to the dissemination and exploitation of the developed architectural foundations.
More Information on the project website www.iot-a.eu
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BUTLER is a European research project emphasising pervasiveness, context-awareness and security for Internet of Things. Through a consortium of leading Industrial, Corporate R&D and Academic partners with extensive and complementary know-how, BUTLER integrates existing and develop new technologies to form a “bundle” of applications, platform features and services that will bring IoT to life.
For this purpose, BUTLER focuses on:
a) Improving/creating enabling technologies to implement a well-defined vision of secure, pervasive and context-aware IoT, where links are inherently secure (from PHY to APP layers) applications cut across different scenarios (Home, Office, Transportation, Health, etc.), and the network reactions to users are adjusted to their needs (learned and monitored in real time).
b) Integrating/developing a new flexiblesmartDevice-centric network architecture where platforms (devices) function according to three well-defined categories: smartObject (sensors, actuators, gateways), smartMobile (user’s personal device) and smartServers (providers of contents and services), interconnected over IPv6.
c) Building a series of field trials, which progressively integrate and enhance state-of-the-art technologies to showcase BUTLER’s secure, pervasive and context-aware vision of IoT.
More Information on the project website www.iot-butler.eu
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PROBE-IT is a two years European project with international partners from China, Brazil and Africa that aims at supporting exploitation of European research advances in IoT deployments. It is indeed needed to ensure interoperability and acceptance of validated IoT solutions in a global context to capitalize on Eu research progresses and secure investments in innovative technologies. For that, PROBE-IT focuses on analyzing existing and ongoing worldwide deployments in different perspectives, including assessment of technical validation approaches and filling the needs of policy makers, deployments drivers, technology providers and users.
PROBE-IT is addressing three different areas:
- benchmarking of IoT deployments to provide stakeholders with decision tools aimed at identifying the best options when deploying or using IoT;
- guidelines for stakeholders to plan IoT roll-out;
- testing roadmaps and solutions to provide stakeholders with elements to validate technologies conformance and interoperability.
PROBE-IT activities are being implemented into three consecutive phases:
- Based on the state of the art, the first one creates the conceptual frameworks in each of the areas above.
- The second one conducts on the field assessments of these frameworks. It organises interoperability test events, workshops and a benchmark of 10 existing industrial IoT deployments.
- Finally, the third one analyzes lessons learnt from these assessments to provide final versions of the benchmarking framework, the guidelines for IoT deployments and the interoperability and testing roadmaps.
The project will also ensure regular exchanges with the IoT communities in particular with active interaction with IERC , IoT forum and many more.
More Information on the project website www.probe-it.eu
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OpenIoT project focus on providing an open source middleware framework enabling the dynamic formulation of self-managed cloud environments for IoT applications.
The OpenIoT middleware framework will therefore serve as a blueprint for non-trivial IoT applications, which will be delivered in an autonomic fashion and according to a utility model based on clouds infrastructures.
OpenIoT is perceived as a natural extension to cloud computing implementations, which will allow access to additional and increasingly important IoT based resources and capabilities. In particular, OpenIoT will research and provide the means for formulating and managing environments comprising IoT resources, which can deliver on-demand utility IoT services such as sensing as a service as an example.
OpenIoT is pertinent to a wide range of interrelated scientific and technological areas spanning: (a) Middleware for sensors and sensor networks, (b) Ontologies, semantic models and annotations for representing internet-connected objects, along with semantic open-linked data techniques (c) Cloud/Utility computing, including utility based security and privacy schemes.
OpenIoT is a joint effort of prominent open source contributors towards enabling a new range of open large-scale intelligent IoT (Internet-of- things) applications according to a utility cloud computing delivery model.
More Information on the project website www.openiot.eu
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iCore initiative addresses two key issues in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT), namely how to abstract the technological heterogeneity that derives from the vast amounts of heterogeneous objects, while enhancing reliability and how to consider the views of different users/stakeholders (owners of objects & communication means) for ensuring proper application provision, business integrity and, therefore, maximize exploitation opportunities.
The iCore proposed solution is a cognitive framework comprising three levels of functionality, reusable for various and diverse applications. The levels under consideration are virtual objects (VOs), composite virtual objects (CVOs) and functional blocks for representing the user/stakeholder perspectives. VOs are cognitive virtual representations of real‐world objects (e.g. sensors, devices, everyday objects) that hide the underlying technological heterogeneity. CVOs, on the other hand are cognitive mash‐ups of semantically interoperable VOs, delivering services in accordance with the user/stakeholder requirements. To validate the proposed solutions iCore addresses the following usecases: ambient assisted living, smart office, smart transportation, and supply chain management.
More Information on the project website www.iot-icore.eu
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To date implementations of Internet of Things architectures are confined to particular application areas and tailored to meet only the limited requirements of their narrow applications. The ICT workprogramme highlights the importance of interoperability between the silo solutions and different technologies used in these disjointed sectors. Sensors/objects that provide information or perform as actuators implementing actions in the real world are plentiful and the range of communication technologies, networking protocols, information types and data formats used to exchange information or control data is vast.
To overcome technology & sector boundaries and therefore dynamically design and integrate new types of services and generate new business opportunities requires a dynamic service creation environment that gathers and exploits data and information from sensors and actuators that use different communication technologies/formats. To accelerate the introduction of new IoT enabled business services (in short IoT services) an effective dynamic service creation environment architecture needs to provide:
- Orchestration, i.e. composition, of business services based on re-usable IoT service components,
- Self-management capable components for automated configuration and testing of services for “things”,
- Abstraction of the heterogeneity of underlying technologies to ensure interoperability. IoT.est will develop a test-driven service creation environment (SCE) for Internet of Things enabled business services. The SCE will enable the acquisition of data and control/actuation of sensors, objects and actuators.
The project will provide the means and tools to define and instantiate IoT services that exploit data across domain boundaries and facilitate run-time monitoring which enables autonomous service adaptation to environment/context and network parameter (e.g. QoS) changes. The project will prototype its major concepts and will evaluate the results for exploitation towards future IoT service creation, deployment and testing products.
More Information on the project website www.ict-iotest.eu
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The EAR-IT project is an EU FP7 funded project working over a 2 years period (oct 2012-Oct 2014) on the exiting challenges of using acoustic sensing in smart cities and smart building. With innovation and research in this area, the project will experiment in the city of Santander (Spain) and for intelligent building in Geneva, applications improving security, energy saving, traffic management and more. The project idea will conduct a large-scale ‘real-life’ experimentation of intelligent acoustics for supporting high social value applications fostering innovation and sustainability in two existing test beds ( also known as FIRE ) with the FP7 projects SmartSantander (www.smartsantander.eu) and Hobnet (www.hobnet-project.eu).
More Information on the project website www.ear-it.eu
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The URB‐Grade project designs, develops and validates a Platform for Decision Support that will allow the city authorities and utilities to promote and choose the correct actions to upgrade a district to become more energy efficient, cost effective and to increase comfort for its citizens in a District as a Service Platform approach.
URB‐Grade project is coordinated by Mirko Presser, Alexandra Institute of Denmark. The project duration is 39 months starting from 1st November 2012.
More Information on the project website www.urb-grade.eu
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The project will produce versatile, heat sterilisable, micro-electronic, multi-array electrochemical sensors for the in-line selective detection and monitoring of alcohols (especially ethanol) and sugars in fermentation media, wine, and effluents from bioreactor processes, tailored to user requirements enabling subsequent rapid progress to commercialisation.
The eventual practical aim is the optimisation of fermentation processes through closed loop feedback control, thereby conferring economic benefits of conserved energy, substrates and time. These will bring economic benefits to users of fermentation processes both in the quality of product produced and in the running and material costs of fermentation plants.
There are four main areas of work :
- development of detection strategies for sugars and alcohol;
- provision of selectivity and resistance to biofouling
- through structure and materials design;
- realisation of robust, sterilisable forms suitable for scale-up manufacture;
- determination of user requirements through user groups.
Within the first year of the project, user groups from within and without the agro-food sector will be organised. Membership recruitment is designed to represent the range of potential users, such that development can be guided towards devices suitable for commercial exploitation with a minimum of technical and acceptance difficulties. The consortium has an agreed active patenting and licensing policy, and commercially significant innovations are to be protected.
The Partners form a consortium with the necessary skills and equipment. Sensor Solutions has skills in sensor design, technology transfer and project management, NMRC is skilled in micro-electronics design and fabrication, DIAVAC in the coating technology for the sensors and INSAT in user requirements in fermentation process control and technology and methods validation. Project co-ordination and management will be undertaken by Sensors Solutions, and also exploitation activities will be managed by Sensors Solutions on behalf of the consortium. These functions are central for Sensors Solutions' activities and expertise.
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IoT6 is a 3 years FP7 European research project. It aims at researching and exploiting the potential of the Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) and related standards (6LoWPAN, COAP, etc.) for the future Internet of Things.
IoT6 intends to develop a highly scalable IPv6-based Service-Oriented Architecture to integrate heterogeneous smart things components such as wireless sensors networks, building automation devices, RFID tags, and mobile phones. It intends to ease their integration with services, including cloud computing Software as a Service (SaaS) and Smart Things Information Services. IoT6 will investigate innovative forms of interactions among those heterogeneous components.
The project integrates an end-user perspective with the targeted realization of a green and smart IPv6 building by Mandat International.
More Information on the project website www.iot6.eu
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Smart Objects and the Internet of Things provide unparalleled means to connect the physical world with the digital world, enabling important applications such as Smart Infrastructures, Smart Cities, and Smart Toys. But existing systems are typically proprietary and tailored to one specific application and sacrifice interoperability for low power consumption. This hinders widespread adoption.
CALIPSO builds Internet Protocol (IP) connected smart object networks, but with novel methods to attain very low power consumption, thereby providing both interoperability and long lifetimes. CALIPSO leans on the significant body of work on sensor networks to integrate radio duty cycling and data-centric mechanisms into the IPv6 stack, something that existing work has not previously done. CALIPSO works at three layers: the network, the routing, and the application layer. We also revisit architectural decisions on naming, identification, and the use of middle-boxes.
We are not alone in seeing the vision of IP-based smart objects, as evidenced by the IPSO Alliance, IETF standards (6LoWPAN, ROLL, CoAP), and recent start-ups.
CALIPSO works within the IETF/IPv6 framework, which includes the recent IETF RPL and CoAP protocols. This gives a structure for evaluation that has not previously been available. We use Contiki open source OS, Europe’s leading smart object OS, as the target development environment for prototyping and experimental evaluation.
We use three applications to drive our work: Smart Infrastructures, Smart Cities, and Smart Toys, all of which need both standardized interfaces and extremely low power operation. We see experimental validation and evaluation as critical to the success of the project.
We expect CALIPSO results to impact four areas: standards, open source software, scientific research, and commercial products. Project partners have extensive experience in the application domains, the IETF, sensor networks, and open source software.
More Information on the project website www.ict-calipso.eu
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The main objective of PLANET is the design, development and validation of an integrated platform to enable the deployment, operation and maintenance of large-scale/complex systems of heterogeneous networked Cooperating Objects, including Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks and mobile objects. The platform will support optimal and adaptive deployment and operation by means of mobile cooperating objects, i.e. vehicles, networked with static nodes. The platform will be validated in two complementary scenarios: the monitoring of the Donyana Biological Reserve with very high ecological value and very sensitive to the impact of pollution, and the highly automated airfield scenario in which security plays an important role and where wireless communication and cooperative techniques pose significant challenges.
More Information on the project website www.planet-ict.eu
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The main objective of GAMBAS is to develop an innovative and adaptive data acquisition and processing middleware to enable the privacy-preserving and automated use of behaviour-driven services that are able to adapt autonomously to the context of their users.
GAMBAS is geared towards addressing the complete set of challenges in order to provide a truly integrated solution, thereby closing a significant gap between today’s systems and the vision of ubiquitous computing. Towards this end, the primary result of the project is the realization of a Generic Adaptive Middleware, i.e. a set of application-independent services, to support the development and utilization of Behavior-driven Autonomous Services.
As depicted below, the GAMBAS middleware will enable the development of novel applications and Internet-based services that utilize context information in order to adapt to the behaviour of the user autonomously. To do this, the middleware will provide the means to gather context in a generic, yet resource-efficient manner and it will support the privacy-preserving sharing of the acquired data. Thereby, it will apply interoperable data representations which support scalable processing of data gathered from a large number of connected objects. In order to make the resulting novel services accessible to the user, the middleware will also support intent-aware interaction by providing a constant stream of relevant recommendations for services.
More Information on the project website www.gambas-ict.eu
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FITMAN (Future Internet Technologies for MANufacturing industries) is an European Integrated Project with 29 partners (Industry, Research, Universities) which aims to provide the FI PPP Core Platform with 11 industry-led use case trials in the domain of Smart, Digital and Virtual Factories of the Future. FITMAN Trials (4 conducted by Large Enterprises, 7 by SMEs) will test and assess the suitability, openness and flexibility of FI-WARE Generic Enablers while contributing to the STEEP (social-technological-economical-environmental-political) sustainability of EU Manufacturing Industries. The use case trials belong to several manufacturing sectors such as automotive, aeronautics, white goods, furniture, textile/clothing, LED lighting, plastic, construction, machinery for wood, and manufacturing assets management.
More Information on the project website www.fitman-fi.eu
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One of the arguments for an Internet of Things (IoT) is allowing devices, machines, and objects to interact with each other without relying on human intervention to set-up and commission the embedded intelligence. IoT@Work is an EU project led by Siemens AG running within the ICT research programme. The project focuses on harnessing IoT technologies in industrial and automation environments. It will use the FIAT Research Centre facilities (part of the largest industrial company in Italy) to develop an IoTbased Plug&Work concept centered on industrial automation. The consortium also includes several distinguished researchers from City University London, Lemgo‘s Institut Industrial IT (inIT), European Microsoft Innovation Centre (EMIC), and TXT e-Solutions.
The Plug&Work approach of this project aims at simplifying the integration of devices in automation systems, relying on self-organizing properties of IoT technologies and protocols. The design ideas of the IoT architecture will be extended with respect to specific requirements of industrial automation systems.
IoT-based architectures will allow production processes to adapt quickly and easily to new business models and processes. Therefore, IoT@ Work is going to deliver tools and runtime mechanisms
based on IoT technologies to significantly simplify commissioning, operating, and maintaining complex production processes. Three main objectives will be addressed:
- Decoupling automation application/controller programming from network operation
- Self-operating communication network (Plug&Work)
- Ensuring resilience and security in running automation systems
More Information on the project website www.iot-at-work.eu
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FI-WARE will deliver a novel service infrastructure, building upon elements (called Generic Enablers) which offer reusable and commonly shared functions making it easier to develop Future Internet Applications in multiple sectors. This infrastructure will bring significant and quantifiable improvements in the performance, reliability and production costs linked to Internet Applications – building a true foundation for the Future Internet.
The project will develop Open Specifications of these Generic Enablers, together with a reference implementation of them available for testing. This way, it is aimed to develop working specifications that influence Future Internet standards.
FI-WARE is the cornerstone of the Future Internet PPP program, a joint action by the European Industry and the European Commission.
More Information on the project website www.fi-ware.eu
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The vision of the COMPOSE project is to advance the state of the art by integrating the IoT and the IoC with the IoS through an open marketplace, in which data from Internet-connected objects can be easily published, shared, and integrated into services and applications. The marketplace will provide all the necessary technological enablers, organized into a coherent and robust framework covering both delivery and management aspects of objects, services, and their integration:
- Object virtualization: enabling the creation of standardized service objects
- Interaction virtualization: abstract heterogeneity while offering several interaction paradigms
- Knowledge aggregation: creating information from data
- Discovery and advertisement: of semantically-enriched objects and services
- Data Management: handle massive amounts and diversity of data/metadata
- Ad hoc creation, composition, and maintenance: of service objects and services
- Security, heterogeneity, scalability, and resiliency: incorporated throughout the layers
More Information on the project website www.compose-project.eu
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IERC - European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things
IoT has the potential to enhance Europe's competitiveness and will be an important driver for the development of an information based economy and society. A wide range of research and application projects in Europe have been set up in different application fields. Communication between these projects is an essential requirement for a competitive industry and for a secure, safe and privacy preserving deployment of IoT in Europe.
The IERC - IoT European Research Cluster - European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things is bringing together EU-funded projects with the aim of defining a common vision and the IoT technology and development research challenges at the European level in the view of global development. The rationale for IoT is to address the large potential for IoT-based capabilities in Europe - coordinate/encourage the convergence of ongoing work on the most important issues - to build a broadly based consensus on the ways to realise IoT in Europe.
The Cluster will link its activities with the activities of the IoT Expert Group that will start in June 2010 and will link the Cluster and Expert groups’ activities in order to minimise overlaps and maximize synergies and contributing to the overall Challenge 1 objectives
The main objectives of the IERC are to:
- Establish a cooperation platform and develop a research vision for IoT activities in Europe and become a major entry and contact point for IoT research in the world.
- Define an international strategy for cooperation in the area of IoT research and have an overview of the research priorities at the global level.
- Coordinate the cooperation activities with other EC Clusters and ICT projects.
- Coordinate and align the SRA agenda at the European level with the developments at the global level.
- Organise debates/workshops leading to a better understanding of IoT and Future Internet technology, and adoption
More Information on the website www.internet-of-things-research.eu
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